Rules Affecting States
In August 1999, President W.J. Clinton signed Executive Order 13132, in order to "ensure that the principles of federalism established by the Framers, guide the executive department and agencies in the formulation and implementation of policies." This order mandates that all relevant executive agencies assess regulatory activity, such as legislation, rulemaking, or policy implementation, on whether or not it would have "a substantial direct effect on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the division of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government." This category of analysis is labelled "Federalism Implications”, and is now a standard variable in the Unified Agenda of Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions published every six months by the OMB. The following dashboard presents an overview of the flow of rules affecting state and local governments (rules affecting industry or business excluded).
What is a Rule Affecting States?
"Regulatory costs are, in the words of American Enterprise Institute Scholar Peter Wallison, inherently 'squirrelly'"
John Dinan, The State of American Federalism 2007–2008: Resurgent State Influence in the National Policy Process and Continued State Policy Innovation, Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Volume 38, Issue 3, Summer 2008, Pages 381–415,
“Executive Order 13132 of August 4, 1999, Federalism.” Federal Register, title 3 (1999): 43255-43259.
Regulatory Review, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget
QuantGov is a sophisticated platform designed to help users sort through the enormous volume of federal, state, and local government policies, laws, regulations, court decisions, and other documents. Users interested in variation by state may want to consult the QuantGov "Total Restrictions" by state, which includes a "Federal Regulation and State Enterprise" (FRASE) index, which attempts to rank the 50 states according to the impact of federal regulation on the private sector.
These cards focus only on regulations affecting state or local governments. Analysts have collected data that compares rules affecting state/local governments with rules affecting small business (e.g., Ten Thousand Commandments An Annual Snapshot of the Federal Regulatory State Crews 2019)