Legislative chambers in all 50 states have separate committees for education, finance, health, and criminal justice. Starting with a list provided by the National Conference of State Legislators in 2017 - which identified federalism committees (which includes committees that have added federal-state relations to responsibilities of existing committees) - our team has identified 46 legislative chambers in 28 states, with established "federalism" committees. These committees carry out a wide variety of functions, including the creation of panels to monitor how states' autonomy are impacted by federal laws.
NCSL "Sidebar: State-Federal Relations Committees Grow in Number"
ALEC "Commission on Federalism Act"